Nodal officer for the swine flu at King George Hospital (KGH) and the professor of medicine Dr. K Indira Devi elaborated, “Under Category A, one suffers from a mild fever, runny nose, mild body pain and mild sore throat.
Visakhapatnam: Even though there is no cause for a panic now, doctors have asked citizens to exercise caution with the sporadic cases of swine flu being reported in the city. The death of a pregnant woman has reported a few days ago and at present, there are two other cases of hospitalization although the patients are recovering.
Health officials say it is a treatment at the right time that goes a long way in saving the life of patients. Right now, it is not very cold in the city for the H1N1 virus to be virulent, but people keep travelling to and from the other places which enhance the risk of getting affected by swine flu virus.
Medical superintendent of Government Hospital for the Chest and Infectious Diseases Dr. Sambasiva Rao said, “If a person suffers from a sore throat and high fever, he/she should immediately visit the nearest health center where required the treatment with Tamiflu medicine can be administered. The response of the patient to treatment also depends on their immunity or resistance power. It is also advisable for people to wear masks, especially when they are in the crowded places to avoid transmission of the virus.”
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The H1N1 is a contagious virus that spreads from one person to the through tiny droplets released in the air when a flu-infected person coughs or sneezes. Based on the symptoms and a severity, H1N1 status and treatment have been categorized under A, B1, B2 & C as per the guidelines of the Union ministry of health and family welfare.
Nodal officer for the swine flu at King George Hospital (KGH) and the professor of medicine Dr. K Indira Devi elaborated, “Under Category A, one suffers from mild fever, runny nose, mild body pain and a mild sore throat. Such patients are given symptomatic treatment with paracetamol tablets and kept in home quarantine. They have to be kept on an observation for 24-48 hours and if the symptoms don’t subside within a week, then they are considered Category B patients.”
“Under Category B, patients are of two types – B1 and B2. B1 refers to patients with the high-grade fever (above 101 degree Celsius), severe sore throat, severe body pain, diarrhoea and so on. While B2 refers to such patients with associated complications including those of diabetes, COPD, respiratory problems, those suffering from immunodeficiency diseases, children below five years and adults above 65 years, those on immunosuppressive drugs and so on. Such patients should be kept in the home quarantine and Tamiflu capsules must be administered while swab test is a must. Category C patients have all the above symptoms of Category B as well as warning signals such as chest pain, breathlessness, persistent vomiting and a dizziness. Immediate hospitalization is required for such patients besides sending the swabs to the labs for confirmation of H1N1. If patients have pneumonia, lung infection, oxygen saturation level in the blood falls, they have to be kept on a ventilator,” Dr. Devi explained.
Meanwhile, at KGH, a micro PCR facility has been set up in the virology lab to detect swine flu disease within three hours of the test. Earlier, swab samples had to be sent to the Institute of Preventive Medicine (IPM) and it would take three-four days for the test results to come. But now treatment can be promptly started as within a few hours and the H1N1 status would be known. District health officials said, there is an adequate supply of masks, Tamiflu capsules, equipment and the medicines for the treatment of swine flu.