Sunday , December 11 2016

Paris climate accord to go into force but faces test of enforcement

The European Parliament is set to give the green light on Tuesday for EU states to join up this week

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Oslo: A worldwide agreement on climate change is set to win sufficient confirmations by signatory nations this week to go into force in November, signaling a tougher phase of spinning promises into cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.

The 2015 Paris Agreement, demarcation a shift from relic fuels this century, states efforts to supervise compliance will be “non-confrontational and non-disciplinary”, raising questions about how to confirm governments pull their weight.

The European Parliament is set to give the green light on Tuesday for EU states to join up this week, tilting the accord past an onset of nations accounting for 55% of world releases to enter into force.

Until now, the 2015 Agreement has backing from 62 countries responsible for 52 % of releases, after India approved it on Sunday. Once it reaches 55 %, it will enter into force in thirty days.

“The crucial question will be performing the agreement. There’s no lawful implementation of pledges,” stated Robert Watson, a British-American scientist and former head of the U.N.’s panel of climate experts.

The hope is governments will feel an “ethical responsibility” and “peer pressure” to act, he stated.

Under the Paris Agreement, almost 200 states have set their own national targets for giving out, with 5-yearly national reviews and promises to set ever harder goals.

David Waskow, of the World Resources Institute think-tank, stated the rapid confirmation was a sign of willingness to wrestle emissions, blamed for heat waves, floods, down pours and a rise in ocean levels.

“This lightning-quick process has shown … the complexity and extensiveness of political support,” he stated.

The Paris Agreement objects to limit a rise in world temperatures to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above those in pre-industrial times. The UN states current pledges are too weak to reach that goal.

The agreement is likely to enter into force before the U.S. presidential election on Nov. 8. Republican nominee Donald Trump be pitted against the contract, while Democrat Hillary Clinton is a strong supporter.

It would also enter into force before an annual conference of environment ministers in Marrakesh, Morocco, next month, which is expected to work on the nuts and bolts of the contract.

“Marrakesh will be more of a ‘roll up your sleeves’ working (meeting) than a big set of ground-breaking decisions,” stated Jake Schmidt, of the U.S. National Resources Defense Council.

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