China to build a 1,000-kilometer pipeline connecting the drought-hit city of Lanzhou to Russia’s Lake Baikal, this project will help to pump water to Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu province which experienced just 380 millimetres of rain last year.
China is reportedly considering building a 1,000-kilometer pipeline linking the drought-hit city of Lanzhou to Russia’s Lake Baikal, the deepest freshwater lake on earth. The purpose of this project is to pump water to Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu province which experienced just 380 millimetres of rain last year. Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world by volume.
According to reports in the Chinese media, the main purpose of this project is to build the pipeline through Russia and Mongolia to China.
The water taken from Baikal will be a fraction for the lake, which contains 23,000 cubic kilometres or roughly 20 percent of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water.
“Once the technical concerns are resolved, diplomats should discuss each other about how each party would benefit from such international cooperation,” said Li Luoli the vice president of the China Society of Economic Reform.
“However, for Mongolia and northern China which have been afflicted by water scarcity, it will help improve environmental conditions that have become a bottleneck for economic development,” he wrote in his book in 2012.
The project would be beneficial For Russia, as it would develop resource-rich Siberia and become a major exporter of water, strengthening both economically and politically, according to Li.
The possibility of such a plan is questionable, as it will include three countries. “Technology is not a problem. Diplomatic negotiations will depend on the local government,” an expert told the Global Times.
The Russian administration has not commented on the issue, but environmentalists have expressed apprehensions that Lake Baikal has been drying up at a worrying pace.
A 2015 report said the Lake Baikal is covered with rotting algae unsafe to its unique ecosystem.
Lake Baikal is increasingly polluted by Spirogyra, which could stance a threat to the purity of its waters.
According to ecologists, Spirogyra comes from dirt facilities from several local holiday centers, as well as private boats and it is not native to Baikal’s ecosystem.
Baikal’s water level hit a record low in 2015– five centimeters below the critical level of 456 meters.